Macroenzyme creatine kinase (CK) type 2 in HIV-infected patients is significantly associated with TDF and consists of ubiquitous mitochondrial CK. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Antiviral Therapy Year : 2006

Macroenzyme creatine kinase (CK) type 2 in HIV-infected patients is significantly associated with TDF and consists of ubiquitous mitochondrial CK.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and origin of macroenzyme creatine kinase type 2 (Macro CK2) in HIV-1-infected patients on antiretroviral treatment. DESIGN: CK, CK-MB activity and protein weight, electrophoretic behaviour, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), bone alkaline phosphatase (AP), beta2-microglobulin serum levels and proteinuria were analysed in 468 HIV-infected outpatients. Sera with detectable Macro CK2 were further analysed using immunoblotting. RESULTS: CK-MB isoenzyme activity and mass concentration revealed the presence of Macro CK2 in 32/408 (7.8%) outpatients. Tenofovir DF (TDF) treatment was a prominent common feature in these patients. Prospective examination of sera from 41 patients collected prior to and during TDF exposure showed Macro CK2 in 20/41 (48%) TDF-treated patients and in 0/19 control sera from patients with TDF-free regimens. Macro CK2 was not present prior to TDF exposure. Patients with Macro CK2 showed a significant elevation of serum beta2-microglobulin levels. GFR, AST/ALT ratio, bone AP and proteinuria remained unchanged. Electrophoresis and immunoblotting demonstrated that the Macro CK2 in TDF-treated patients consisted of the ubiquitous (uMtCK) and not the sarcomeric type (sMtCK) of mitochondrial CK (MtCK). CONCLUSIONS: Macro CK2 consisting of uMtCK is associated with the use of TDF-containing regimens. Whether the appearance of uMtCK in these patients reflects mitochondrial damage remains to be clarified.
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Dates and versions

inserm-00390894 , version 1 (03-06-2009)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : inserm-00390894 , version 1
  • PUBMED : 17302377

Cite

Holger Schmid, Dieter Mühlbayer, Jörg Röling, Thomas Sternfeld, Boris Jülg, et al.. Macroenzyme creatine kinase (CK) type 2 in HIV-infected patients is significantly associated with TDF and consists of ubiquitous mitochondrial CK.. Antiviral Therapy, 2006, 11 (8), pp.1071-80. ⟨inserm-00390894⟩

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