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Ecdysteroid receptors and their applications in agriculture and medicine.

Abstract : This chapter summarizes the present knowledge on the ecdysteroid receptor (EcR) structure and function with special emphasis on those aspects that are relevant for gene switch applications, and describes gene switch technology with a focus on EcR‐based gene switches. The EcR is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily and exhibits the typical modular structure composed of the N‐terminal A/B domain, the DNA‐binding C domain, the hinge (D) region, the ligand‐binding E domain, and the C-terminal F domain. The ligand‐binding domain is multifunctional and includes ligand‐dependent dimerization and transactivation functions, while ligand‐independent transactivation and dimerization functions are found in the terminal domains and in the region spanning the DNA binding domain and the N‐terminal region of the hinge, respectively. The EcR heterodimerizes with other members of the nuclear receptor superfamily noticeably with the ultraspiracle protein (USP), which is an orthologue of the vertebrate retinoic acid X receptor (RXR). The progress in made in EcR research has shown that the ligand‐binding pocket of EcR is highly flexible and adaptable. This property of EcR permits the development of receptor systems for practical application in medicine and agriculture. The application of EcR‐based gene switch technology in cellular systems toward functional genomics, drug and ligand discovery, and therapeutic protein production has already commenced grow rapidly in near future. The application of EcR‐based gene switches in plants has a great potential and benefits greatly from the fact that several potential ligands represent registered insecticides and have a track record of environmental safety.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 2, 2009 - 11:34:50 PM
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Subba R. Palli, Robert E. Hormann, Uwe Schlattner, Markus Lezzi. Ecdysteroid receptors and their applications in agriculture and medicine.. Vitamins and hormones, Elsevier, 2005, 73, pp.59-100. ⟨10.1016/S0083-6729(05)73003-X⟩. ⟨inserm-00390881⟩



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