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Vacuolar morphology and cell cycle distribution are modified by leucine limitation in auxotrophic Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Abstract : Yeast vacuoles are highly dynamic and flexible organelles. In a previous paper, we have shown that subtle, often unrecognised amino acid limitations lead to much lower final cell densities in cultures of different commonly used auxotrophic Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains (Cakar et al., Biotechnol. Lett. 21 (1999) 611). Here, we demonstrate for two of these strains, CEN.PK 113.6B and CBS7752, that such subtle leucine limitations also affect the number and morphology of vacuoles, and that these changes are correlated with the cell cycle in batch cultures in a similar way as is known from synchronized cultures. Morphological aspects were studied by electron microscopy, using advanced high pressure freezing/freeze-substitution techniques for sample preparation that so far have been barely successful in yeast. Cells of leucine-limited cultures had single, large vacuoles with a hexagonal tonoplast pattern and were partially arrested in G1 phase. To relieve leucine-limitation, additional leucine was supplied extracellularly via the medium or intracellularly via enhanced leucine biosynthesis due to plasmid-based expression of a leucine marker gene. Such cultures reached more than two-fold higher final optical densities in stationary phase. Cells in later growth phase were characterized by fragmented vacuoles lacking any tonoplast pattern and by a smaller proportion of cells in G1 phase. These drastic effects of subtle leucine limitation on cell physiology, vacuolar morphology and cell cycle distribution present a note of caution for morphological and cell cycle studies in yeast.
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Contributor : Sarah Hamant Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 2, 2009 - 6:39:39 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 27, 2021 - 1:54:05 PM


  • HAL Id : inserm-00390833, version 1
  • PUBMED : 11374441



Zeynep Petek Cakar, U. Sauer, J. E. Bailey, M. Müller, M. Stolz, et al.. Vacuolar morphology and cell cycle distribution are modified by leucine limitation in auxotrophic Saccharomyces cerevisiae.. Biology of the Cell, Wiley, 2000, 92 (8-9), pp.629-37. ⟨inserm-00390833⟩



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