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Journal Articles British Journal of Cancer Year : 2006

Autoantibodies to endostatin in patients with breast cancer: correlation to endostatin levels and clinical outcome.

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Abstract

Circulating autoantibodies to self-antigens overexpressed by cancer cells are common in cancer patients. As specific proteins are expressed during neoangiogenesis, a similar phenomenon might occur with particular antigens of tumour vessels. Collagen XVIII, from which endostatin is cleaved, is highly expressed in the perivascular basement membrane of tumour-associated blood vessels and autoantibodies to endostatin have been reported in cancer patients. The present study analyses the incidence of naturally occurring autoantibodies to endostatin in the sera of breast cancer patients and their relation to endostatin serum levels and patient clinical outcome. Serum samples from 36 patients with localised breast cancer and 59 patients with a fully documented history of metastatic breast cancer were used. The immunoreactivity of serum samples was tested against purified recombinant human endostatin and endostatin levels were determined by immunoassay. We could detect anti-endostatin antibodies in the sera of 66% of the patients with localised disease and 42% of the patients with metastatic disease (P=0.03). There was no correlation between the presence of antibodies to endostatin and circulating levels of endostatin. The detection of autoantibodies to endostatin was associated with better prognosis in metastatic breast cancer patients (median survival time: 20 vs 8 months, P = 0.03), as was the presence of low levels of serum endostatin (median survival time: 20 vs 9 months, P = 0.007). These results show that a natural immune reaction against endostatin can occur in breast cancer patients. This could have important therapeutic implications with regard to endostatin therapy and raises the question of a possible role of this humoral reaction against endostatin in the neoplastic process.

Dates and versions

inserm-00390471 , version 1 (03-07-2009)

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Thomas Bachelot, David Ratel, Christine Ménétrier-Caux, Didier Wion, Jean-Yves Blay, et al.. Autoantibodies to endostatin in patients with breast cancer: correlation to endostatin levels and clinical outcome.. British Journal of Cancer, 2006, 94 (7), pp.1066-70. ⟨10.1038/sj.bjc.6603037⟩. ⟨inserm-00390471⟩
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