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Octanoate affects 2,4-dinitrophenol uncoupling in intact isolated rat hepatocytes.

Abstract : When intact isolated rat hepatocytes, either incubated or perifused, were uncoupled by 2,4-dinitrophenol, we found that the effect on glucose and lactate+pyruvate fluxes, cytosolic and mitochondrial redox states and ATP/ADP ratios were dependent on the nature of the exogenous substrate added. 2,4-Dinitrophenol addition (0.25 mmol/l) to cells perifused with dihydroxyacetone (10 mmol/l) resulted in a modest and transient activation of oxygen uptake accompanied by a surprising rise in lactate/pyruvate ratio indicating an increase in the cytosolic NADH/NAD+ ratio. In addition, such uncoupling, fully abolished glucose production, enhanced lactate+pyruvate flux, and strongly decreased cytosolic and mitochondrial ATP/ADP ratios. In these steady-state conditions, further addition of octanoate (0.4 mmol/l) induced a large and sustained enhancement of respiration with a concomitant decrease in the lactate/pyruvate ratio, whereas glucose flux was restored to some extent and cytosolic and mitochondrial ATP/ADP ratios increased. Inhibition of the malate-aspartate shuttle by the transaminase inhibitor aminooxyacetate (0.3 mmol/l) did not modify the effect of 2,4-dinitrophenol with dihydroxyacetone alone whereas it decreased the maximal stimulation of oxygen uptake after octanoate addition. In view of these results we propose the following conclusions. The uncoupling of intact cells by 2,4-dinitrophenol inhibits the translocation of reducing equivalents into the mitochondrial matrix probably by impairing the malate-aspartate shuttle. This explains the increase in the cytosolic NADH/NAD+ ratio and the transient activation of respiration with dihydroxyacetone. Fatty acid addition to cells uncoupled with 2,4-dinitrophenol appears to restore a mitochondrial membrane potential, probably by providing the respiratory chain with reduced cofactors directly in the matrix, thus allowing the transfer of reducing equivalents across the mitochondrial membrane. The restoration, to some extent, of a protonmotive force to uncoupled cells by fatty acid addition is also supported by an increase in ATP synthesis as evidenced by a glucose synthesis with dihydroxyacetone as gluconeogenic substrate.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 1, 2009 - 1:02:47 PM
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Brigitte Sibille, Christiane Keriel, Eric Fontaine, Françoise Catelloni, Michel Rigoulet, et al.. Octanoate affects 2,4-dinitrophenol uncoupling in intact isolated rat hepatocytes.. European Journal of Biochemistry, Wiley, 1995, 231 (2), pp.498-502. ⟨10.1111/j.1432-1033.1995.0498e.x⟩. ⟨inserm-00390248⟩



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