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In vivo hypoxic exposure impairs metabolic adaptations to a 48 hour fast in rats.

Abstract : Hypoxia is well known to affect carbohydrate metabolism through its action on liver function and thus on glucose homeostasis. The aim of this study was to examine the carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolic responses to 48 h of hypoxia, as well as the hormonal adaptations using both normoxic controls and hypoxic animals in the fasted state to standardize for the marked hypophagia observed in response to hypoxia. Hypoxia exposure (inspiratory oxygen fraction (FI,O2) = 0.1) resulted in a greater weight loss (-23 +/- 3.6% versus -16 +/- 2% in controls, p<0.001). Hypoxia plus fasting led to a significant increase in plasma glucose, lactate, insulin and catecholamine concentrations, while the increase in free fatty acid and beta-hydroxybutyrate was abolished. Changes in plasma amino acid patterns were not affected by hypoxia. Liver glycogen depletion was significantly less pronounced in the hypoxic group, while phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (a key enzyme of liver gluconeogenesis) activity and transcription enhancements were abolished by hypoxia. Overall, hypoxic exposure in rats fasted for 48 h resulted in a unique pattern that differed from responses to injury or fasting per se. Oxygen seems to play a central role in the metabolic adaptation to fasting, from gene expression to weight loss. Since hypoxaemia associated with fasting has detrimental effects on nutritional balance, the present observations may be clinically relevant in the setting of acute exacerbation with hypoxaemia for chronic respiratory disease.
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Contributor : Sarah Hamant Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, June 8, 2009 - 2:42:40 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 6, 2020 - 3:43:54 AM


  • HAL Id : inserm-00390177, version 1
  • PUBMED : 9762796



Christophe M. Pison, Christiane Chauvin, Hélène Perrault, Carole Schwebel, Jean-Luc Lafond, et al.. In vivo hypoxic exposure impairs metabolic adaptations to a 48 hour fast in rats.. European Respiratory Journal, European Respiratory Society, 1998, 12 (3), pp.658-65. ⟨inserm-00390177⟩



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