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Exogenous Mg-ATP induces a large inhibition of pyruvate kinase in intact rat hepatocytes.

Abstract : Mg-ATP infusion in vivo has been reported to be beneficial both to organ function and survival rate in various models of shock. Moreover, a large variety of metabolic effects has been shown to occur in several tissues due to purinergic receptor activation. In the present work we studied the effects of exogenous Mg-ATP in rat liver cells perifused with dihydroxyacetone to investigate simultaneously gluconeogenetic and glycolytic pathways. We found a significant effect on oxidative phosphorylation as characterized by a decrease in oxygen consumption rate and in the cellular ATP-to-ADP ratio associated with an increase in lactate-to-pyruvate ratio. In addition, exogenous Mg-ATP induced rapid and reversible inhibition of both gluconeogenesis and glycolysis. The main effect on gluconeogenesis was located at the level of the fructose cycle, whereas the decrease in glycolysis was due to a strong inhibition of pyruvate kinase. Although pyruvate kinase inhibition induced by exogenous Mg-ATP was allosteric when assessed in vitro after enzyme extraction, we found a large decrease in the apparent maximal velocity when kinetics were assessed in vivo in intact perifused hepatocytes. This newly described short-term regulation of pyruvate kinase occurs only in the intact cell and may open new potentials for the pharmacological regulation of pyruvate kinase in vivo.
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 30, 2009 - 3:32:50 PM
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Carole Ichai, Mohamad yehia El-Mir, Véronique Nogueira, Marie-Astrid Piquet, Christiane Chauvin, et al.. Exogenous Mg-ATP induces a large inhibition of pyruvate kinase in intact rat hepatocytes.. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001, 276 (9), pp.6398-403. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M004169200⟩. ⟨inserm-00390040⟩



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