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Mitochondrial adaptation to in vivo polyunsaturated fatty acid deficiency: increase in phosphorylation efficiency.

Abstract : Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) deficiency affects respiratory rate both in isolated mitochondria and in hepatocytes, an effect that is normally ascribed to major changes in membrane composition causing, in turn, protonophoriclike effects. In this study, we have compared the properties of hepatocytes isolated from PUFA-deficient rats with those from control animals treated with concentrations of the protonophoric uncoupler 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP). Despite identical respiratory rate and in situ mitochondrial membrane potential (delta psi), mitochondrial and cytosolic ATP/ADP-Pi ratios were significantly higher in PUFA-deficient cells than in control cells treated with DNP. We show that PUFA-deficient cells display an increase of phosphorylation efficiency, a higher mitochondrial ATP/ADP-Pi ratio being maintained despite the lower delta psi. This is achieved by (1) decreasing mitochondrial Pi accumulation, (2) increasing ATP synthase activity, and (3) by increasing the flux control coefficient of adenine nucleotide translocation. As a consequence, oxidative phosphorylation efficiency was only slightly affected in PUFA-deficient animals as compared to protonophoric uncoupling (DNP). Thus, the energy waste induced by PUFA deficiency on the processes that generate the proton motive force (pmf) is compensated in vivo by powerful adaptive mechanisms that act on the processes that use the pmf to synthesize ATP.
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 30, 2009 - 2:17:06 PM
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Véronique Nogueira, Marie-Astrid Piquet, Anne Devin, Christelle Fiore, Eric Fontaine, et al.. Mitochondrial adaptation to in vivo polyunsaturated fatty acid deficiency: increase in phosphorylation efficiency.. Journal of Bioenergetics, 2001, 33 (1), pp.53-61. ⟨10.1023/A:1005624707780⟩. ⟨inserm-00389992⟩



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