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Effects of decreasing mitochondrial volume on the regulation of the permeability transition pore.

Abstract : The permeability transition pore (PTP) is a Ca(2+)-sensitive mitochondrial inner membrane channel involved in several models of cell death. Because the matrix concentration of PTP regulatory factors depends on matrix volume, we have investigated the role of the mitochondrial volume in PTP regulation. By incubating rat liver mitochondria in media of different osmolarity, we found that the Ca(2+) threshold required for PTP opening dramatically increased when mitochondrial volume decreased relative to the standard condition. This shrinkage-induced PTP inhibition was not related to the observed changes in protonmotive force, or pyridine nucleotide redox state and persisted when mitochondria were depleted of adenine nucleotides. On the other hand, mitochondrial volume did not affect PTP regulation when mitochondria were depleted of Mg(2+). By studying the effects of Mg(2+), cyclosporin A (CsA) and ubiquinone 0 (Ub(0)) on PTP regulation, we found that mitochondrial shrinkage increased the efficacy of Mg(2+) and Ub(0) at PTP inhibition, whereas it decreased that of CsA. The ability of mitochondrial volume to alter the activity of several PTP regulators represents a hitherto unrecognized characteristic of the pore that might lead to a new approach for its pharmacological modulation.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2009 - 1:01:38 PM
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Véronique Nogueira, Anne Devin, Ludivine Walter, Michel Rigoulet, Xavier M Leverve, et al.. Effects of decreasing mitochondrial volume on the regulation of the permeability transition pore.. Journal of Bioenergetics, 2005, 37 (1), pp.25-33. ⟨10.1007/s10863-005-4120-3⟩. ⟨inserm-00388765⟩



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