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Proton pump inhibitors in general medicine. Comparison of routine practices with marketing authorization indications.

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To determine whether inaugural prescriptions for proton pump inhibitors (PPI) written by general practitioners in the Grenoble region are in non-compliance with the indications of the French drug marketing authorization. METHODS: The study was conducted on all inaugural PPI prescriptions written by general practitioners in Grenoble region between March 1 and March 31, 2004. Analyses were performed on a random sample of 600 representative prescriptions. A questionnaire was sent to the general practitioners who had written these prescriptions. There were 255 responses which could be analyzed. RESULT: Among the 19,983 prescriptions for PPIs written in March 2004, 4, 442 (22.8%) were first-time treatments. 85.9% of them were issued by general practitioners. The main reasons for prescription identified in the study sample were the association with other drugs [56.1%; 95%CI 50.0-62.2], gastroesophageal reflux disease [29.4%; 95%CI 23.8-35.0] and dyspepsia [11.4%; 95%CI 7.5-15.3]. The rate of non-compliance with the marketing authorization was 46.3% [95%CI 40.2-52.4], including 20.4% [95%CI 15.5-25.3] for inappropriate medical indications. CONCLUSION: General practitioners were the principal prescribers of inaugural PPI treatments. Even after excluding prescriptions which were non-compliant because of a regulatory problem, one out of five prescriptions were written for inappropriate medical indications.
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  • HAL Id : inserm-00387981, version 1
  • PUBMED : 17273135

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Olivier Levy-Neumand, François Carniaux, Bruno Bonaz, Aurélie Durand, Xavier Roblin. Proton pump inhibitors in general medicine. Comparison of routine practices with marketing authorization indications.. Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique / Research and Clinics in Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Elsevier Masson, 2007, 31 (1), pp.78-83. ⟨inserm-00387981⟩

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