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Journal Articles Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Year : 2009

A transcriptionally silent RXRalpha supports early embryonic morphogenesis and heart development.

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Abstract

Retinoic acid (RA) receptors (RARs) alpha, beta, and gamma heterodimerized with rexinoid receptors (RXRs) alpha, beta, and gamma mediate the RA signal. To analyze the contribution of the transcriptional activity of RXRalpha, the main RXR during embryogenesis, we have engineered a mouse line harboring a transcriptionally silent RXRalpha mutant that lacks the activation functions AF1 and AF2. All homozygous mutants (Rxra(afo)) display the ocular defects previously observed in compound Rar-null and Rxra/Rar-null mutants, thus demonstrating that a transcriptionally active RXRalpha is required during eye development. In contrast, the vast majority of Rxra(afo) fetuses do not display the Rxra-null mutant hypoplasia of the myocardium, thus demonstrating that RXRalpha can act as a transcriptionally silent heterodimerization partner. Similarly, a transcriptionally silent RXRalpha mutant can support early embryogenesis, as Rxra(afo)/Rxrb-null embryos display a normal morphology, contrasting with the severe malformations exhibited by compound Rxra/Rxrb-null embryos. Along the same line, we show that a silent RXRalpha mutant is sufficient to allow the initial formation of the placental labyrinth, whereas later steps of trophoblast cell differentiation critically requires the AF2, but not the AF1, function of RXRalpha.

Dates and versions

inserm-00384488 , version 1 (15-05-2009)

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Bénédicte Mascrez, Norbert B. Ghyselinck, Pierre Chambon, Manuel Mark. A transcriptionally silent RXRalpha supports early embryonic morphogenesis and heart development.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2009, 106 (11), pp.4272-7. ⟨10.1073/pnas.0813143106⟩. ⟨inserm-00384488⟩
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