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Not all polyriboinosinic-polyribocytidylic acids (Poly I:C) are equivalent for inducing maturation of dendritic cells: implication for alpha-type-1 polarized DCs.

Abstract : This study compares the behavior of 2 commercially available polyriboinosinic-polyribocytidylic acids (poly I:C1 and poly I:C2) and the structural analog poly I:C12U in regard to dendritic cell (DC) maturation. When the Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) agonists are tested in combination with interferon-alpha, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1beta, and interferon-gamma (the so-called alpha-type-1 DC), the 3 different cocktails generate phenotypically mature DCs, but with different functional properties. Higher migratory capacity is observed with poly I:C1, the only poly I:C allowing spontaneous release of IL-12p70 by DCs. However, upon CD40 triggering, cocktails containing poly I:C2 or poly I:C12U allow a far higher production of IL-12p70 compared with those containing poly I:C1. Using a TLR signaling pathway reverse transcription profiler polymerase chain reaction to analyze changes in gene expression after treatment of DCs with the agonists alone, we show that 39% of the 84 tested genes are differentially regulated between the 3 conditions. Poly I:C12U induces far fewer regulated genes than the 2 other poly I:Cs. These different behaviors could be due to alternative ways of sensing double-stranded RNA, which do not rely solely on TLR3 but also on other types of receptors, depending on the size of poly I:Cs. As the 2 poly I:Cs tested here have very different molecular weights, this could partly explain the observed differences. In conclusion, neither the poly I:Cs nor their structural analog poly I:C12U have an equivalent behavior. This should be taken into an account not only when they are used in cocktails for DC maturation but also when analyzing signaling pathways with synthetic double-stranded RNA analogs.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00373586
Contributor : Hervé de Villemeur <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 6, 2009 - 3:15:07 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 13, 2019 - 4:58:03 PM

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Tony Avril, Marie de Tayrac, Claudine Leberre, Véronique Quillien. Not all polyriboinosinic-polyribocytidylic acids (Poly I:C) are equivalent for inducing maturation of dendritic cells: implication for alpha-type-1 polarized DCs.. Journal of Immunotherapy, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2009, 32 (4), pp.353-62. ⟨10.1097/CJI.0b013e31819d29bf⟩. ⟨inserm-00373586⟩

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