Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Intrabreed Stratification Related to Divergent Selection Regimes in Purebred Dogs May Affect the Interpretation of Genetic Association Studies.

Abstract : Until recently, canine genetic research has not focused on population structure within breeds, which may confound the results of case-control studies by introducing spurious correlations between phenotype and genotype that reflect population history. Intrabreed structure may exist when geographical origin or divergent selection regimes influence the choices of potential mates for breeding dogs. We present evidence for intrabreed stratification from a genome-wide marker survey in a sample of unrelated dogs. We genotyped 76 Border Collies, 49 Australian Shepherds, 17 German Shepherd Dogs, and 17 Portuguese Water Dogs for our primary analyses using Affymetrix Canine v2.0 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays. Subsets of autosomal markers were examined using clustering algorithms to facilitate assignment of individuals to populations and estimation of the number of populations represented in the sample. SNPs passing stringent quality control filters were employed for explicitly phylogenetic analyses reconstructing relationships between individuals using maximum parsimony and Bayesian methods. We used simulation studies to explore the possible effects of intrabreed stratification on genome-wide association studies. These analyses demonstrate significant stratification in at least one of our primary breeds of interest, the Border Collie. Demographic and pedigree data suggest that this population substructure may result from geographic isolation or divergent selection regimes practiced by breeders with different breeding program goals. Simulation studies indicate that such stratification could result in false discovery rates significant enough to confound genome-wide association analyses. Intrabreed stratification should be accounted for when designing and interpreting the results of case-control association studies using purebred dogs.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00373559
Contributor : Hervé de Villemeur <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 6, 2009 - 2:24:41 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:55:47 AM

Links full text

Identifiers

Citation

Melanie Chang, Jennifer Yokoyama, Nick Branson, Donna Dyer, Christophe Hitte, et al.. Intrabreed Stratification Related to Divergent Selection Regimes in Purebred Dogs May Affect the Interpretation of Genetic Association Studies.. The Journal of Heredity, 2009, 100 (Suppl. 1), pp.S28 - S36. ⟨10.1093/jhered/esp012⟩. ⟨inserm-00373559⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

187