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TACE inhibition amplifies TNF-alpha-mediated colonic epithelial barrier disruption.

Abstract : Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are characterized by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)-mediated epithelial barrier disruption. TNF-alpha production and the bioavailability of its receptors on the cell surface are regulated by TACE (TNF-alpha converting enzyme), a pleiotropic metalloprotease also known as ADAM17, and its specific inhibitor TIMP3. We therefore examined ADAM17 and TIMP3 expression in human intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) using immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays and real-time PCR on preparations of IEC isolated from human normal and IBD colon. The effects of TACE inhibition by TIMP3 or a pharmacological inhibitor were assessed in inflammatory conditions on a TIMP3-deficient colonic cell line HT29-Cl.16E. Both TACE and TIMP3 were found to be constitutively expressed by intestinal epithelial cells in the normal and inflammatory human intestinal barrier. In the TIMP3-deficient cell line, the addition of recombinant human TIMP3 or of Tapi-2, a pharmacological ADAM17 inhibitor, i) sensitized the cells to TNF-alpha-mediated hyperpermeability, ii) down-regulated tight junction-associated protein expression and iii) inhibited TNFRI shedding. In conclusion, our data showed that TACE and TIMP3 were co-expressed in the human intestinal barrier and that TACE inhibition, either physiologically or pharmacologically, amplified TNF-alpha-mediated hyperpermeability. TIMP3 could thus play a major role in inflammatory conditions by creating an autocrine effect leading to amplified epithelial barrier hyperpermeability.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00354559
Contributor : Hervé de Villemeur <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 20, 2009 - 11:42:13 AM
Last modification on : Monday, February 17, 2020 - 11:18:02 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : inserm-00354559, version 1
  • PUBMED : 19082505

Citation

Thomas Fréour, Anne Jarry, Kalyane Bach-Ngohou, Thomas Dejoie, Chantal Bou-Hanna, et al.. TACE inhibition amplifies TNF-alpha-mediated colonic epithelial barrier disruption.. International Journal of Molecular Medicine, Spandidos Publications, 2009, 23 (1), pp.41-8. ⟨inserm-00354559⟩

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