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Adult outcome of children reared for long-term periods in foster families.

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To study the long term impact of adverse childhood experiences resulting from family breakdowns combined with a stable care environment. Another aim was to determine predictive factors for maladjusted psycho-social integration in adulthood. METHOD: Sixty-three children from severely psychosocially dysfunctioning families selected from among those having been in care in an institutional setting: All had been reared for at least 5 years by foster families, had been out of care for more than 5 years and were at least 23 years old at the time of the survey. Semi-structured interviews were used in a follow-up study to assess adult outcome, essentially in terms of professional status, social, and family relationships. RESULTS: Data was obtained for 94% of the study population (n = 59), 71% via direct interviews (n = 45). The majority had managed to overcome their childhood adversities: 56% were well-integrated socially, 12% had average integration results, 20% were partially integrated and 10% were in situations of failure. These difficulties were linked to multiple family disturbances and repeated traumatic experiences during childhood (p < .05). Multiple regression analyses indicated that these risk factors accounted for 28% of the variance in the social integration score (p < .0001). Severe emotional deprivation over a prolonged period was a contributing factor to clinical disorders. CONCLUSION: At the study period, intergenerational repetition of "child placement" behaviors, significant in the previous generation, had practically disappeared. The results also highlighted the substantial psychotherapeutic and child-rearing assistance provided by the staff of the foster care agency.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00353960
Contributor : Annick Camille Dumaret <>
Submitted on : Saturday, January 17, 2009 - 1:15:12 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:55:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, June 8, 2010 - 8:37:20 PM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00353960, version 1
  • PUBMED : 9330793

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Annick-Camille Dumaret, Marthe Coppel-Batsch, Simone Couraud. Adult outcome of children reared for long-term periods in foster families.. Child Abuse & Neglect : The International Journal, Elsevier B.V., 1997, 21 (10), pp.911-27. ⟨inserm-00353960⟩

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