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[Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: role of energy deficiency in neuromuscular junction dismantlement.]

Abstract : Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is the most frequent adult onset motor neuron disorder. A subset of ALS cases is linked to mutations in the copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (sod1) gene and detailed phenotypic analysis of transgenic mice overexpressing mutant forms of SOD1 (mSOD1) allowed a better understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms leading to motor neuron death. The promising results obtained in these animal models however poorly translated into conclusive clinical trials. In this review, we summarize the main pathological mechanisms at work in mSOD1 mice. In particular, recent results showed that the key pathological event was the destruction of the neuromuscular junction rather than motor neuron death. Neuromuscular junction dismantlement is likely the result of a chronic energy deficiency at the level of the whole organism. These results, along with a comparative analysis between the phenotype of mSOD1 mice and ALS patients, suggest new therapeutic strategies and show the interests but also the limits of the animal models. double dagger.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 8, 2009 - 1:54:15 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 14, 2022 - 10:20:12 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, June 8, 2010 - 7:02:36 PM


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  • HAL Id : inserm-00351072, version 1
  • PUBMED : 19116118



Luc Dupuis, Jean-Philippe Loeffler. [Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: role of energy deficiency in neuromuscular junction dismantlement.]. médecine/sciences, EDP Sciences, 2008, 24 (12), pp.1077-82. ⟨inserm-00351072⟩



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