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Self-administration of the GABA(A) agonist muscimol into the medial septum: dependence on dopaminergic mechanisms.

Abstract : RATIONALE: Reinforcement in the medial septal division (MSDB) might involve local GABAergic mechanisms. OBJECTIVES: We used intracranial self-administration to determine whether the GABA(A) agonist muscimol or antagonist bicuculline might have rewarding effects when infused into the MSDB. We assessed the anatomical specificity of muscimol intra-MSDB self-administration by injecting this molecule into the nucleus accumbens (NAc). Finally, we evaluated the involvement of dopaminergic mechanisms in muscimol self-administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: BALB/c mice were implanted with a guide cannula targeting the MSDB or the NAc. They were trained to discriminate between the two arms of a Y-maze, one arm being reinforced by muscimol or bicuculline injections. Another group of MSDB implanted mice was pre-treated intraperitoneally before muscimol self-administration with a D1 (SCH23390) or D2/D3 (sulpiride) receptor antagonist or vehicle. A last group of MSDB mice received additional bilateral guide cannulae targeting the ventral tegmental area (VTA) or a more dorsal region to assess the effects of intra-VTA injection of SCH23390 on intra-MSDB muscimol self-administration. RESULTS: Mice self-administered intra-MSDB muscimol (0.6, 1.2, or 12 ng/50 nl), but not bicuculline (1.5 or 3 ng/50 nl). Systemic pre-treatment with SCH23390 (25 mug/kg) or sulpiride (50 mg/kg) or bilateral injection of SCH23390 (0.25 mug/0.1 mul) into the VTA prevented acquisition of intra-MSDB muscimol self-administration. CONCLUSION: The activation of GABA(A) receptors in the MSDB supports self-administration, and dopamine release from the VTA may be involved in the acquisition of this behaviour. The MSDB could represent a common brain substrate for the rewarding properties of drugs facilitating GABA(A) tone.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 7, 2009 - 5:03:02 PM
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Stéphanie Gavello-Baudy, Julie Le Merrer, Laurence Decorte, Vincent David, Pierre Cazala. Self-administration of the GABA(A) agonist muscimol into the medial septum: dependence on dopaminergic mechanisms.. Psychopharmacology, Springer Verlag, 2008, 201 (2), pp.219-28. ⟨10.1007/s00213-008-1263-z⟩. ⟨inserm-00350880⟩



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