Microstructural investigation of magnetic CoFe2O4 nanowires inside carbon nanotubes by electron tomography. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Nano Letters Year : 2008

Microstructural investigation of magnetic CoFe2O4 nanowires inside carbon nanotubes by electron tomography.

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Abstract

Magnetic nanowires of CoFe 2O4 were casted inside the channel of multiwall carbon nanotubes by mild chemical synthesis. A detailed investigation of these nanowires was performed using mainly the electron tomography technique; this study provides a complete characterization of their microstructure in terms of the spatial organization and the size distribution of individual particles forming the nanowire as well as its residual porosity. In particular, we have shown that the size of the CoFe 2O4 monocrystalline particles is closely dependent on the location of the particle within the nanotube, i.e., small particles close to the tube tip (5 nm) and bigger particles inside the tube channel (15 nm). As the theoretical critical size for superparamagnetic relaxation in CoFe 2O4 is estimated within the range of 4-9 nm, the size distribution obtained by 3D-TEM agrees with the Mossbauer study that suggests the presence of two different magnetic components inside the nanowire. We have shown also that, by using this preparation method and for this internal diameter of nanotube, the CoFe 2O4 nanowire exhibits a continuous structure along the tube, has a residual porosity of 38%, and can fill the tube at only 50%, parameters which influence in a significant manner the magnetic behavior of this system.
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Dates and versions

inserm-00350865 , version 1 (07-01-2009)

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Ovidiu Ersen, Sylvie Bégin, Matthieu Houllé, Julien Amadou, Izabela Janowska, et al.. Microstructural investigation of magnetic CoFe2O4 nanowires inside carbon nanotubes by electron tomography.. Nano Letters, 2008, 8 (4), pp.1033-40. ⟨10.1021/nl072714e⟩. ⟨inserm-00350865⟩
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