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Pregnancy may be followed by an inflexion of the immune reconstitution in HIV-infected women who receive antiretroviral drugs before conception.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Whether pregnancy has an impact on the evolution of CD4 cell counts in women treated with highly potent antiretrovirals before conception remains largely unknown. METHODS: Among patients enrolled in the ANRS CO8 (APROCO/COPILOTE) cohort, we selected all women aged between 18 and 50 years at initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Slopes of CD4 cell counts during follow-up were estimated using mixed longitudinal models with time-dependent indicators for pregnancy and delivery. RESULTS: Of the 260 selected HIV-infected women, a pregnancy occurred in 39 women in a median follow-up time of 66 months. Women who became pregnant had higher CD4 cell count at baseline but this difference progressively lessened during follow-up because they had a slower increase than women who did not become pregnant. The estimated slope of CD4 cell count decreased significantly from +2.3 cells/muL/month before pregnancy and in women who did not become pregnant to -0.04 cells/microL/month after delivery (P=0.0003). CONCLUSION: A significant increase in CD4 cell count may be preferable before pregnancy in women treated with cART, in order to overcome the evolution observed after pregnancy.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00336919
Contributor : Evelyne Mouillet <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 6, 2008 - 3:49:42 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 15, 2020 - 12:22:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 18, 2012 - 12:26:15 PM

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Vincent Le-Moing, Audrey Taieb, Pascale Longuet, Charlotte Lewden, Véronique Delcey, et al.. Pregnancy may be followed by an inflexion of the immune reconstitution in HIV-infected women who receive antiretroviral drugs before conception.. HIV Medicine, Wiley, 2008, 9 (10), pp.897-900. ⟨10.1111/j.1468-1293.2008.00641.x⟩. ⟨inserm-00336919⟩

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