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Primary cystic lung light chain deposition disease: a clinicopathologic entity derived from unmutated B cells with a stereotyped IGHV4-34/IGKV1 receptor.: Primary cystic lung LCDD: a new entity

Abstract : We have recently described a new form of light chain deposition disease (LCDD) presenting as a severe cystic lung disorder requiring lung transplantation. There was no bone marrow plasma cell proliferation. Because of the absence of disease recurrence after bilateral lung transplantation and of serum-free light chain ratio normalization after the procedure, we hypothesized that monoclonal light chain synthesis occurred within the lung. The aim of this study was to look for the monoclonal B-cell component in 3 patients with cystic lung LCDD. Histologic examination of the explanted lungs showed diffuse nonamyloid kappa light chain deposits associated with a mild lymphoid infiltrate composed of aggregates of small CD20(+), CD5(-), CD10(-) B lymphocytes reminiscent of bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR), we identified a dominant B-cell clone in the lung in the 3 studied patients. The clonal expansion of each patient shared an unmutated antigen receptor variable region sequence characterized by the use of IGHV4-34 and IGKV1 subgroups with heavy and light chain CDR3 sequences of more than 80% amino acid identity, a feature evocative of an antigen-driven process. Combined with clinical and biologic data, our results strongly argue for a new antigen-driven primary pulmonary lymphoproliferative disorder.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00326865
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Submitted on : Monday, October 6, 2008 - 11:23:44 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 1:18:40 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, June 3, 2010 - 8:25:02 PM

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Magali Colombat, Hervé Mal, Jacques Diebold, Christiane Copie-Bergman, Diane Damotte, et al.. Primary cystic lung light chain deposition disease: a clinicopathologic entity derived from unmutated B cells with a stereotyped IGHV4-34/IGKV1 receptor.: Primary cystic lung LCDD: a new entity. Blood, American Society of Hematology, 2008, 112 (5), pp.2004-12. ⟨10.1182/blood-2007-11-123596⟩. ⟨inserm-00326865⟩

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