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Surface expression of metabotropic glutamate receptor variants mGluR1a and mGluR1b in transfected HEK293 cells.

Abstract : Class C G-protein coupled receptors form obligatory dimers. Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are found commonly as homodimers. Alternative splicing of mGluR1 gene results in vivo in the expression of a long variant mGluR1a and at least two short variants mGluR1b and d. The amino acid sequences diverge within their carboxyl-termini six amino acid residues following RRKK motif. This four basic residue sequence was shown to have pronounced impact on function and trafficking of the short variants, while for mGluR1a the long C-terminus reduces the effects caused by presence of the RRKK motif. Here we investigated consequences of interactions between long mGluR1a and short mGluR1b variants. Our results show that mGluR1a interferes with mGluR1b trafficking to the cell surface in HEK293 transfected cells. Expression of a mGlu1a mutant incapable of activating G-proteins with mGluR1b mutated in the glutamate binding site led to the formation of a functional heterodimer. Moreover, we show that swapping long mGluR1a and/or short mGluR1b C-termini with corresponding regions in chimerical GB1 and GB2 gamma-amino butyric acid b (GABAb) receptor subunits do not exclude heterodimerization. These data reveal that the C-terminal ends of mGluR1 do not control subunit association, such that mGluR1 dimers with two distinct C-termini can form and function properly.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 5, 2008 - 3:02:15 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 5, 2022 - 8:52:57 AM
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Jiri Kumpost, Zdenka Syrova, Lenka Kulihova, Daniela Frankova, Jean-Charles Bologna, et al.. Surface expression of metabotropic glutamate receptor variants mGluR1a and mGluR1b in transfected HEK293 cells.. Neuropharmacology, Elsevier, 2008, 55 (4), pp.409-18. ⟨10.1016/j.neuropharm.2008.06.073⟩. ⟨inserm-00319023⟩



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