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Deletion of flagellin's hypervariable region abrogates antibody-mediated neutralization and systemic activation of TLR5-dependent immunity.

Abstract : TLRs trigger immunity by detecting microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs). Flagellin is a unique MAMP because it harbors 1) an antigenic hypervariable region and 2) a conserved domain involved in TLR5-dependent systemic and mucosal proinflammatory and adjuvant activities. In this study, the contribution of the flagellin domains in TLR5 activation was investigated. We showed that TLR5 signaling can be neutralized in vivo by flagellin-specific Abs, which target the conserved domain. However, deletions of flagellin's hypervariable region abrogated the protein's intrinsic ability to trigger the production of neutralizing Abs. The fact that MAMP-specific Abs block TLR-mediated responses shows that this type of neutralization is a novel mechanism for down-regulating innate immunity. The stimulation of mucosal innate immunity and adjuvancy to foreign Ag was not altered by the hypervariable domain deletions. In contrast, this domain is essential to trigger systemic innate immunity, suggesting that there are distinct mechanisms for TLR5 activation in systemic and mucosal compartments. In summary, specific MAMP determinants control the production of neutralizing Abs and the compartmentalization of innate responses.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00309796
Contributor : Jean-Claude Sirard <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 7, 2008 - 12:47:20 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 10:40:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, October 5, 2012 - 11:40:12 AM

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Clément Nempont, Delphine Cayet, Martin Rumbo, Coralie Bompard, Vincent Villeret, et al.. Deletion of flagellin's hypervariable region abrogates antibody-mediated neutralization and systemic activation of TLR5-dependent immunity.. Journal of Immunology, Publisher : Baltimore : Williams & Wilkins, c1950-. Latest Publisher : Bethesda, MD : American Association of Immunologists, 2008, 181 (3), pp.2036-2043. ⟨10.4049/jimmunol.181.3.2036⟩. ⟨inserm-00309796⟩

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