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Dietary patterns derived by hybrid clustering method in older people: association with cognition, mood, and self-rated health.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Several nutritional factors, including dietary fatty acids, antioxidants, and folates, have been related to pathological brain aging. Dietary patterns that represent a combination of foods may better predict disease risk than single foods or nutrients. OBJECTIVE: To identify dietary patterns by a mixed clustering method and to analyze their relationship with cognitive function, depressive symptoms, and self-rated health in older people. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Subjects included 1,724 elderly community dwellers living in Bordeaux, France from 2001 to 2002. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Cluster analysis, combining hybrid clustering, and research for stable groups during the k-means step on mean number of weekly servings of 20 predetermined food groups, separately in men and women. RESULTS: Five dietary clusters were identified in each sex. A "healthy" cluster characterized by higher consumption of fish in men (n=157; 24.3%) and fruits and vegetables in women (n=267; 24.8%) had significantly lower mean number of errors to Mini Mental State score after adjustment for socio-demographic variables (beta=-0.11; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.22 to -0.004 in men; beta=-0.13; 95% CI, -0.22 to -0.04 in women). The same cluster was associated with borderline significance with lower depressive symptoms in women (beta=-0.16; 95% CI, -0.33 to 0.007). Men in the "pasta eaters" cluster (n=136; 21%) had higher depressive symptoms (beta=0.26; 95% CI, 0.06 to 0.46) and higher risk to report poor health (polytomous regression, odds ratio [OR]=1.91; 95% CI, 1.21 to 3.01) than the "healthy" cluster. Women in the "biscuits and snacking" cluster (n=162; 15%) had greater risk of poor perceived health (OR=1.69; 95% CI, 1.15 to 2.48) compared to "healthy" eaters. Additional adjustment for body mass index and medication use strengthened these associations. CONCLUSIONS: Sex-specific dietary patterns derived by hybrid clustering method are associated with fewer cognitive and depressive symptoms and better perceived health in older people.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 17, 2008 - 10:20:43 AM
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Cecilia Samieri, Marthe-Aline Jutand, Catherine Feart, Lucille Capuron, Luc Letenneur, et al.. Dietary patterns derived by hybrid clustering method in older people: association with cognition, mood, and self-rated health.. Journal of The American Dietetic Association, Elsevier, 2008, 108 (9), pp.1461-71. ⟨10.1016/j.jada.2008.06.437⟩. ⟨inserm-00299193⟩

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