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Postnatal weight and height growth velocities at different ages between birth and 5 y and body composition in adolescent boys and girls.: Early growth and adolescent body composition

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Rapid weight gain in the first years of life is associated with adult obesity. Whether there are critical windows for this long-term effect is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study anthropometric measures in adolescence by sex according to weight and height growth velocities at different ages between birth and 5 y. DESIGN: Anthropometric measures, including fat and fat-free mass by bipodal impedancemetry, were measured in 468 adolescents aged 8-17 y. We retrospectively collected early infancy data and individually estimated weight and height growth velocities in 69.4% of them using a mathematical model. Associations between birth variables, growth velocities, and anthropometric measures in adolescence were studied. RESULTS: Weight growth velocity at 3 mo was associated with overweight (odds ratio for a 1-SD increase: 1.52; 95% CI: 1.04, 2.22), fat mass, and waist circumference in adolescence in both sexes and with fat-free mass in boys (r = 0.29, P < 0.001) but not in girls (r = -0.01, NS). Weight growth velocities after 2 y were associated with all anthropometric measures in adolescence, in both sexes. Between 6 mo and 2 y, weight growth velocities were significantly associated only with adolescent height in boys; in girls, associations with fat mass in adolescence were weaker. CONCLUSION: Our results support the hypothesis of 2 critical windows in early childhood associated with the later risk of obesity: up to 6 mo and from 2 y onward. The study of the determinants of growth during these 2 periods is of major importance for the prevention of obesity in adolescence.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00288021
Contributor : Jérémie Botton <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 13, 2008 - 3:59:57 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 17, 2020 - 5:38:01 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 25, 2016 - 10:36:54 PM

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Jérémie Botton, Barbara Heude, Jean Maccario, Pierre Ducimetière, Marie-Aline Charles, et al.. Postnatal weight and height growth velocities at different ages between birth and 5 y and body composition in adolescent boys and girls.: Early growth and adolescent body composition. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2008, 87 (6), pp.1760-8. ⟨inserm-00288021⟩

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