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The French National Nutrition and Health Program score is associated with nutritional status and risk of major chronic diseases.

Abstract : Few studies have found that adherence to dietary guidelines reduces the incidence of chronic disease. In 2001, a National Nutrition and Health Program (Program National Nutrition Sant?was implemented in France and included 9 quantified priority nutritional goals involving fruit, vegetable, and nutrient intakes, nutritional status, and physical activity. We developed an index score that includes indicators of these public health objectives and examined the association between this score and the incidence of major chronic diseases in the Suppl?ntation en Vitamines et Min?ux AntioXydants cohort. Data from middle-aged adults free of major chronic diseases and who provided at least 3 24-h dietary records during the first 2 y of follow-up have been included in the present analysis (n = 4,976). Major chronic disease, documented during the 8-y follow-up period (n = 455), was defined as the combination of cardiovascular disease (n = 131), cancer (n = 261), or death (n = 63), whichever came first. In fully adjusted Cox models, men in the top tertile score compared with those in the lowest one had a 36% lower risk of major chronic diseases (hazard ratio = 0.64; 95% CI: 0.44-0.96). No association was found in women. Healthy diet and lifestyle were associated with a lower risk of chronic diseases, particularly in men, thereby underlying relevance of the French nutritional recommendations.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00276274
Contributor : Carla Estaquio <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 29, 2008 - 11:41:30 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 11:21:19 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 25, 2016 - 9:11:36 PM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00276274, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 250770
  • PUBMED : 18424606

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Carla Estaquio, Katia Castetbon, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Sandrine Bertrais, Valérie Deschamps, et al.. The French National Nutrition and Health Program score is associated with nutritional status and risk of major chronic diseases.. The Journal of Nutrition, 2008, 138 (5), pp.946-53. ⟨inserm-00276274⟩

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