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Prion protein activates and fixes complement directly via the classical pathway: implications for the mechanism of scrapie agent propagation in lymphoid tissue.

Abstract : C1q-deficient and complement depleted mice are highly resistant to intraperitoneal scrapie infection. The molecular mechanisms of complement involvement in scrapie pathogenesis remain unclear. Previous detailed studies have indicated mouse prion protein interactions with human C1q but the question of subsequent complement activation has remained unaddressed. In this investigation, murine prion protein, both recombinant and also from diseased tissue sources, directly activated and fixed complement via the classical but not the alternative pathway. The importance of complexed cupric ions was observed. In addition, evidence of IgG-independent C4 fixation by prion proteins was also shown. Surface plasmon resonance binding studies using variously clustered immobilized recombinant mouse prion protein indicated strong interactions with both purified mouse C1q and also mouse Factor H. Binding, especially by C1q, was dependent upon the volume of immobilized prion protein, suggesting a threshold of clustering density required to support strong interactions. Furthermore, clustered immobilized prion protein appeared capable of promoting polymerization of soluble-phase monomeric prion protein. Direct covalent attachment of complement components to prion proteins via classical pathway activation illustrates a potential mechanism underpinning their trafficking to, and subsequent propagation within, lymphoid tissues.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00267049
Contributor : Marie-Bernadette Villiers <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 26, 2008 - 12:13:49 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 6, 2020 - 4:05:44 AM

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Daniel Mitchell, Louise Kirby, Susan Paulin, Christian Villiers, Robert Sim. Prion protein activates and fixes complement directly via the classical pathway: implications for the mechanism of scrapie agent propagation in lymphoid tissue.. Molecular Immunology, Elsevier, 2007, 44 (11), pp.2997-3004. ⟨10.1016/j.molimm.2006.12.027⟩. ⟨inserm-00267049⟩

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