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Prognostic factors of survival of HIV-infected patients with cytomegalovirus disease: Aquitaine Cohort, 1986-1997. Groupe d'Epidémiologie Clinique du SIDA en Aquitaine (GECSA).

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To analyse survival of HIV-infected patients who developed cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease and to identify prognostic factors of their survival. METHODS: Cases of CMV disease diagnosed in the Aquitaine Cohort of HIV-infected patients (n = 4297) during the 1986-1996 period, were reviewed using standardised definitions. Follow-up was extended to December 1997. Cox model was used to determine factors associated with survival after the initial manifestations of CMV disease, considering protease inhibitor (PI) prescription and anti-CMV treatment as time dependent covariates. RESULTS: 253 patients presented a CMV disease of which 221 (87.3%) died (median survival: 7 months). A better prognosis for survival was associated with: PI prescription [relative hazard (RH): 0.26; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.11-0.59], anti-CMV treatment (RH: 0.37; CI: 0.25-0.54), CD4+ lymphocyte cell count > 50/mm3 (RH: 0.66; CI: 0.47-0.94) and absence of neoplasia (RH: 0.70; CI: 0.52-0.94) whereas the disseminated CMV disease worsened prognosis (RH: 1.83; CI: 1.20-2.80). CONCLUSION: Antiretroviral treatment including PI, improved short-term prognosis of CMV disease regardless of its clinical manifestations.
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Christine Binquet, F. Saillour, Noëlle Bernard, M. B. Rougier, F. Leger, et al.. Prognostic factors of survival of HIV-infected patients with cytomegalovirus disease: Aquitaine Cohort, 1986-1997. Groupe d'Epidémiologie Clinique du SIDA en Aquitaine (GECSA).. European Journal of Epidemiology, Springer Verlag, 2000, 16 (5), pp.425-32. ⟨inserm-00263520⟩

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