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Interactions between microenvironment and cancer cells in two animal models of bone metastasis.

Abstract : The preferential proliferation of cancer cells in the bone microenvironment is poorly characterised. Expression pattern of bone marrow and other organ microenvironment in contact with osteolytic (Walker W256) and osteoblastic (MatLyLu MLL) metastases were investigated. Fisher and Copenhagen rats received, respectively, W256 and MLL cells injection. Bone and soft tissues were analysed by immunochemistry for DKK1, cathepsin K, RANKL, MCSF or IL6 expression. Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAcP)-positive cells were detected by a histoenzymatic technique. In bone, expressions of MCSF and DKK1 were shown in stromal cells of the bone marrow, in contact with metastatic foci of both tumours. Many stromal cells were found RANKL positive in the vicinity of the tumours. Cells expressing cathepsin K and multinucleated TRAcP+ cells were found in direct contact with trabeculae but also in bone marrow spaces near metastatic cells. In extraosseous tumours, cells in contact with malignant cells did not expressed DKK1, MCSF, cathepsin K and IL6. Some RANKL+ cells were found in the periphery of subcutaneous tumours but may represent Langerhans cells. Abnormal presence of TRAcP+ cells was never observed in the vicinity of malignant cells. Interaction between stromal and cancer cells induces the expression on the formers of characteristics leading to osteoclastogenesis only in the bone microenvironment.British Journal of Cancer (2008) 98, 809-815. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6604238 www.bjcancer.com Published online 5 February 2008.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 4, 2008 - 11:39:54 AM
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Stéphane Blouin, Michel Félix Baslé, Daniel Chappard. Interactions between microenvironment and cancer cells in two animal models of bone metastasis.. British Journal of Cancer, Cancer Research UK, 2008, 98 (4), pp.809-15. ⟨10.1038/sj.bjc.6604238⟩. ⟨inserm-00259380⟩

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