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Osteopontin is an argentophilic protein in the bone matrix and in cells of kidney convoluted tubules.

Abstract : Nucleolar organising regions (NOR) are part of the nucleolus, containing argyrophilic proteins (nucleoclin/C23, nucleophosmin/B23). They are identified by silver staining at low pH. The method also reveals osteocyte canaliculi and cement lines and granules in the cytoplasm of kidney cells in locations that mimic osteopontin distribution. Human bone and kidney sections, benign and lymphomatous pleural effusions were processed for silver staining to identify AgNOR. Sections were processed in parallel for immunohistochemistry with an antibody direct against osteopontin. In pleural effusions, AgNORs were found increased in the nuclei of lymphoma cells. In bone, Ag staining identified AgNOR in cell nuclei, as well as in osteocyte canaliculi, cement and resting lines. In the distal convoluted tubules of the kidney, silver deposits were also observed in cytoplasmic granules on the apical side of the cells. Immunolocalization of osteopontin closely matched with all these locations in bone and kidney. NOR proteins and osteopontin are proteins containing aspartic acid rich repeats that can bind Ag. Staining protocols using silver nitrate at low pH can identify these proteins on histological sections. AgNOR is a useful histochemical method to identify osteopontin in bone sections.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 27, 2008 - 6:40:15 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 15, 2020 - 8:15:08 PM
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Florence Pascaretti-Grizon, Christine Gaudin-Audrain, Yves Gallois, Nadine Retaillaud-Gaborit, Michel Félix Baslé, et al.. Osteopontin is an argentophilic protein in the bone matrix and in cells of kidney convoluted tubules.. Morphologie : bulletin de l'Association des anatomistes, 2007, 91 (294), pp.180-5. ⟨10.1016/j.morpho.2007.10.015⟩. ⟨inserm-00259376⟩

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