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The influence of headgroup structure and fatty acyl chain saturation of phospholipids on monolayer behavior: a comparative rheological study.

Abstract : This paper compares six phospholipidic monolayers at the water/chloroform interface by performing dilational rheological measurements with a drop tensiometer apparatus. The chosen lipids differ both in their headgroup structure and fatty acyl chain saturation or symmetry. The study concentrated on monolayers formed with DPPC, DPPE, DOPC, DOPE, POPC and POPE. Using a generalized Maxwell rheological model, transposed at the interface, the intimate intermolecular interactions between amphiphilic molecules are studied on and off the monolayer plane. The equilibrium and nonequilibrium phenomena are analyzed and, respectively, correlated with monolayer cohesion and with monolayer/sub-surface interactions. The purpose of this work is to gain further insights into the influences (as slight as they are) of the weak changes in phospholipid structure and on the behavior of the monolayers. The results, widely described, provide further details on nuances existing between very similar molecules, and likewise, on the synergies created between the different effects.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00258136
Contributor : Laurent Lemaire <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 21, 2008 - 11:19:21 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:45:28 AM

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Nicolas Anton, Patrick Saulnier, Frank Boury, Françoise Foussard, Jean-Pierre Benoit, et al.. The influence of headgroup structure and fatty acyl chain saturation of phospholipids on monolayer behavior: a comparative rheological study.. Chemistry and Physics of Lipids, Elsevier, 2007, 150 (2), pp.167-75. ⟨10.1016/j.chemphyslip.2007.06.226⟩. ⟨inserm-00258136⟩

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