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Tracking antigen-specific CD8+ T cells in the rat using MHC class I multimers.

Abstract : Studies of the quantitative and qualitative aspects of anti-microbial, anti-tumoral or autoreactive immune responses have been greatly facilitated by the possibility to stain antigen-specific CD8(+) T cells using fluorescently labeled multimeric major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I/peptide complexes. So far, this technology has been developed for human and mouse, but not yet in the rat. Here, we describe the generation of the first rat MHC multimer. We produced a rat RT1(l) Pro5 MHC Pentamer combined with the immunodominant peptide for Borna disease virus (BDV), in order to study the characteristics of the antiviral CD8(+) T cell response. BDV is an RNA virus that can cause persistent infections of the central nervous system (CNS), often associated with prominent brain inflammation. In adult Lewis rats, of the RT1(l) MHC haplotype, BDV infection leads to severe immune-mediated neurological symptoms. The pathogenic role of the immune response is due primarily to antiviral CD8(+) T cells, many of them being specific for an immunodominant epitope located in the BDV nucleoprotein (N(230-238)). Ex vivo flow cytometry analyses revealed that 3 to 12% of CD8(+) T cells found in the brains of BDV-infected rats stained positively with the BDV-Pentamer. Interestingly, the frequency of Pentamer-positive cells increased up to 3.3 fold after a short resting period in culture. Virus-specific CD8(+) T cells were mainly detected in the brain and were virtually undetectable in peripheral lymphoid organs. This novel rat Pro5 MHC Pentamer represents an attractive tool for the detection, isolation and characterization of antigen-specific CD8(+) T cell responses in the rat.
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Contributor : Daniel Dunia Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 22, 2008 - 1:35:43 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 9:26:55 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 25, 2016 - 8:48:07 PM


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Valérie Duplan, Elsa Suberbielle, Catherine E. Napper, Etienne Joly, Abdelhadi Saoudi, et al.. Tracking antigen-specific CD8+ T cells in the rat using MHC class I multimers.. Journal of Immunological Methods, Elsevier, 2007, 320 (1-2), pp.30-9. ⟨10.1016/j.jim.2006.11.008⟩. ⟨inserm-00212050⟩



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