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An NSP4-dependant mechanism by which rotavirus impairs lactase enzymatic activity in brush border of human enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells.

Abstract : Lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH, EC 3.2.1.23-62) is a brush border membrane (BBM)-associated enzyme in intestinal cells that hydrolyse lactose, the most important sugar in milk. Impairing in lactase activity during rotavirus infection has been described in diseased infants but the mechanism by which the functional lesion occurs remains unknown. We undertook a study to elucidate whether rotavirus impairs the lactase enzymatic activity in BBM of human enterocyte cells. In this study we use cultured human intestinal fully differentiated enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells to demonstrate how the lactase enzymatic activity at BBM is significantly decreased in rhesus monkey rotavirus (RRV)-infected cells. We found that the decrease in enzyme activity is not dependent of the Ca(2+)- and cAMP-dependent signalling events triggered by the virus. The LPH biosynthesis, stability, and expression of the protein at the BBM of infected cells were not modified. We provide evidence that in RRV-infected cells the kinetic of lactase enzymatic activity present at the BBM was modified. Both BBM(control) and BBM(RRV) have identical K(m) values, but hydrolyse the substrate at different rates. Thus, the BBM(RRV) exhibits almost a 1.5-fold decreased V(max) than that of BBM(control) and is therefore enzymatically less active than the latter. Our study demonstrate conclusively that the impairment of lactase enzymatic activity at the BBM of the enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells observed during rotavirus infection results from an inhibitory action of the secreted non-structural rotavirus protein NSP4.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00204080
Contributor : Patrice Codogno <>
Submitted on : Friday, January 11, 2008 - 5:20:33 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 4:51:26 PM

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Isabelle Beau, Jacqueline Cotte-Laffitte, Monique Géniteau-Legendre, Mary Estes, Alain Servin. An NSP4-dependant mechanism by which rotavirus impairs lactase enzymatic activity in brush border of human enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells.. Cellular Microbiology, Wiley, 2007, 9 (9), pp.2254-66. ⟨10.1111/j.1462-5822.2007.00956.x⟩. ⟨inserm-00204080⟩

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