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Confirmation of associations between ion channel gene SNPs and QTc interval duration in healthy subjects.

Abstract : Population-based association studies have identified several polymorphic variants in genes encoding ion channel subunits associated with the electrocardiographic heart-rate-corrected QT (QTc) length in healthy populations of Caucasian origin (KCNH2 rs1,805,123 (K897 T) and rs3,815,459, SCN5A rs1,805,126 (D1,819D), 1,141-3 C>A, rs1,805,124 (H558R), and IVS24+116 G>A, KCNQ1 rs757,092, KCNE1 IVS2-128 G>A and rs1,805,127 (G38S), and KCNE2 rs2,234,916 (T8A)). However, few of these results have been replicated in independent populations. We tested the association of SNPs KCNQ1 rs757,092, KCNH2 rs3,815,459, SCN5A IVS24+116 G>A, KCNE1 IVS2-128 G>A and KCNE2 rs2,234,916 with QTc length in two groups of 200 subjects presenting the shortest and the longest QTc from a cohort of 2,008 healthy subjects. All polymorphisms were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in both groups. The minor allele SCN5A IVS24+116 A was more frequent in the group of subjects with the shortest QTc, whereas the minor alleles KCNQ1 rs757,092 G and KCNH2 rs3,815,459 A were more frequent in the group with the longest QTc. There was no significant difference for KCNE1 IVS2-128 G>A and KCNE2 rs2,234,916 between the two groups. Haplotype analysis showed a twofold increased risk of QTc lengthening for carriers of the haplotype, combining alleles C and A of the two common KCNE1 SNPs, IVS2-129 C>T (rs2,236,609) and rs1,805,127 (G38S), respectively. In conclusion, our study confirms the reported associations between QTc length and KCNQ1 rs757,092 and KCNH2 rs3,815,459.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 3, 2008 - 4:35:39 PM
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Laetitia Gouas, Viviane Nicaud, Soraya Chaouch, Myriam Berthet, Anne Forhan, et al.. Confirmation of associations between ion channel gene SNPs and QTc interval duration in healthy subjects.. European Journal of Human Genetics, Nature Publishing Group, 2007, 15 (9), pp.974-9. ⟨10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201866⟩. ⟨inserm-00201944⟩



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