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Cognac polyphenolic compounds increase bradykinin-induced nitric oxide production in endothelial cells.

Abstract : We recently reported that in vitro Cognac polyphenolic compounds (CPC) induce NO-dependent vasorelaxant effects and stimulate cardiac function. In the present study, we aim to investigate the effect of CPC on both nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide anions (O(2)(-)) production in cultured human endothelial cells. In addition, its effect on the bradykinin (BK)-induced NO production was also tested. The role and sources of O(2)(-) in the concomitant effect of BK plus CPC were pharmacologically determined. NO and O(2)(-) signals were measured using electron paramagnetic resonance technique using specific spin trappings. Both, CPC and BK induced an increase in NO production in human endothelial cells. The combination of both further enhanced NO release. The capacity of CPC plus BK to increase NO signal was blunted by the NO synthase inhibitor, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, and was enhanced in the presence either of superoxide dismutase or catalase. Moreover, CPC plus BK response was greater after inhibition of either NADPH oxidase by apocynin or xanthine oxidase by allopurinol but it was not affected by rotenone. CPC did not affect O(2)(-) level either alone or after its increase upon lipopolysaccharide treatment. Finally, the capacity of BK alone to increase NO was enhanced either by apocynin or allopurinol. Altogether, these data demonstrate that CPC is able to directly increase NO production without affecting O(2)(-) and enhances the BK-induced NO production in human endothelial cells. The data highlight the ability of BK to stimulate not only NADPH oxidase- but also xanthine oxidase-inhibitor sensitive mechanisms that reduce its efficiency in increasing NO either alone or in the presence of CPC. These results bring pharmacological evidence for vascular protection by CPC via its potentiating effect of BK response in terms of endothelial NO release.
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Contributor : Ramaroson Andriantsitohaina <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 12, 2007 - 12:28:30 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 10, 2019 - 1:08:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 12, 2010 - 7:07:40 AM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00196179, version 1
  • PUBMED : 18052679

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Aminata Diallo, Mamadou Sarr, H Ahmed Mostefai, Nunzia Carusio, Maria Pricci, et al.. Cognac polyphenolic compounds increase bradykinin-induced nitric oxide production in endothelial cells.. Physiological Research, Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences, 2008, 57 (6), pp.885-92. ⟨inserm-00196179⟩

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