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Acceptability of exclusive breast-feeding with early cessation to prevent HIV transmission through breast milk, ANRS 1201/1202 Ditrame Plus, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.

Abstract : OBJECTIVE: We assessed the uptake of a nutritional intervention promoting exclusive breast-feeding with early cessation between 3 and 4 months of age to reduce postnatal transmission of HIV in Abidjan, C?d'Ivoire. DESIGN: Between March 2001 and March 2003, HIV-infected pregnant women who had received perinatal antiretroviral prophylaxis were systematically offered prenatally 2 infant feeding interventions: artificial feeding or exclusive breast-feeding during 3 months and then early cessation of breast-feeding. Mother-infant pairs were closely followed for a period of 2 years, with continuous nutritional counseling and detailed collection of feeding practices. RESULTS: Among the 557 mothers enrolled, 262 (47%) initiated breast-feeding. Of these women, the probability of practicing exclusive breast-feeding from birth was 18% and 10% at 1 and 3 months of age, respectively. Complete cessation of breast-feeding was obtained in 45% and 63% by 4 and 6 months of age, respectively. Environmental factors such as living with a partner's family were associated with failure to initiate early cessation of breast-feeding. CONCLUSIONS: Acceptability of exclusive breast-feeding was low in this urban population. Shortening the duration of breast-feeding seemed to be feasible, however. Further investigations are ongoing to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of this intervention in reducing breast milk HIV transmission.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00189796
Contributor : Renaud Becquet <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 13, 2008 - 3:07:06 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 15, 2020 - 1:40:55 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 12, 2010 - 3:12:14 AM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00189796, version 1
  • PUBMED : 16284538

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Renaud Becquet, Didier Ekouevi, Ida Viho, Charlotte Sakarovitch, Hassan Toure, et al.. Acceptability of exclusive breast-feeding with early cessation to prevent HIV transmission through breast milk, ANRS 1201/1202 Ditrame Plus, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2005, 40 (5), pp.600-8. ⟨inserm-00189796⟩

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