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Dietary fat and the risk of age-related maculopathy: the POLANUT Study.: Dietary fat and ARM

Abstract : This study aimed at assessing the associations of dietary fat with the risk of age-related maculopathy (ARM), in the framework of a population-based study from southern France. Nutritional data were collected using a dietitian-administered food-frequency questionnaire. ARM was classified from retinal photographs using the international classification and included neovascular age-related macular degeneration, geographic atrophy, soft indistinct drusen, soft distinct drusen associated with pigmentary abnormalities. After multivariate adjustment, high total, saturated and monounsaturated fat intake were associated with increased risk for ARM (odds ratio (OR)=4.74, P=0.007; OR=2.70, P=0.04; and OR= 3.50, P=0.03, respectively). Total polyunsaturated fatty acid was not significantly associated with ARM. Total and white fish intake was not significantly associated with ARM, but fatty fish intake (more than once a month versus less than once a month) was associated with a 60% reduction in risk for ARM (OR=0.42, P=0.01).European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2007) 61, 1341-1344; doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602685; published online 14 February 2007.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 5, 2007 - 10:23:11 AM
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Cécile Delcourt, Isabelle Carrière, Jean-Paul Cristol, Annie Lacroux, Mariette Gerber, et al.. Dietary fat and the risk of age-related maculopathy: the POLANUT Study.: Dietary fat and ARM. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Nature Publishing Group, 2007, 61 (11), pp.1341-4. ⟨10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602685⟩. ⟨inserm-00185021⟩

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