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Efficient hepatocyte engraftment in a nonhuman primate model after partial portal vein embolization.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Hepatocyte transplantation could be an alternative to whole liver transplantation for the treatment of metabolic liver diseases. However, the results of clinical investigations suggest that the number of engrafted hepatocytes was insufficient to correct metabolic disorders. This may partly result from a lack of proliferation of transplanted hepatocytes. In rodents, portal ligation enhances hepatocyte engraftment after transplantation. We investigated the effects of partial portal ligation and embolization on engraftment and proliferation of transplanted hepatocytes in primates. METHODS: Hepatocyte autotransplantation was performed in Macaca monkeys. The left lateral lobe was resected for hepatocyte isolation. The first group of monkeys underwent surgical ligation of the left and right anterior portal branches; in the second group, the same portal territories were obstructed by embolization with biological glue. To evaluate the proportion of cell engraftment hepatocytes were Hoechst-labeled and transplanted via the portal vein. Cell proliferation was measured by BrdU incorporation. RESULTS: Hepatocyte proliferation was induced by both procedures but it was significantly higher after partial portal embolization (23.5% and 11.2% of dividing hepatocytes on days 3 and 7) than after ligation (3% and 0.8%). Hepatocytes engrafted more efficiently after embolization than after ligation. They proliferated and participated to liver regeneration representing 10% of the liver mass on day seven and their number remained constant on day 15. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that partial portal embolization of the recipient liver improves engraftment of transplanted hepatocytes in a primate preclinical model providing a new strategy for hepatocyte transplantation.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00178494
Contributor : Marie Garcia <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 18, 2007 - 1:27:55 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 5:06:55 PM

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Ibrahim Dagher, Lyes Boudechiche, Julie Branger, Aurore Coulomb-Lhermine, Alexandre Parouchev, et al.. Efficient hepatocyte engraftment in a nonhuman primate model after partial portal vein embolization.. Transplantation, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2006, 82 (8), pp.1067-73. ⟨10.1097/01.tp.0000236103.99456.8f⟩. ⟨inserm-00178494⟩

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