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A multiscale elastic registration scheme for retinal angiograms

Abstract : The present paper describes a new and efficient method for registration of retinal angiogram. The presence of noise, the variations in the background, and the temporal variation of fluorescence level poses serious problems in obtaining a robust registration of the retinal image. Here, a multiscale registration scheme is proposed which comprises of three steps. The first step of this work proposes an edge preserving smoothing of the vascular tree. This morphological filtering approach is based on opening and closing with a linear rotating structuring element. For complete preservation of the linear shape of the vascular structures, a morphological reconstruction by dilation of the opened image and a reconstruction by erosion of the closed image are applied. It is proposed to compute the registration transform between two successive original frames, from their morphological gradient. Then, the second step consists in computing the morphological gradient of the two filtered images and radiometrically correcting these gradient images. To take into account the intensity variations, our model incorporates two constant multiplicative and additive factors (based on contrast and brightness) estimated employing a simple analysis of the local histograms (based on a sliding window). In the third step, the proposed method computes the registering transform through a coarse-to-fine (or multiscale) hierarchical approach. After computing the dominant registering transform (which implies the translation) between two successive frames, an elastic transform (also called local affine transform) is carried out to achieve a residual correction. The proposed method is tested by experimental studies, performed on macular fluorescein and Indo cyanine green angiographies. It has been sufficiently demonstrated that our proposed registering method is robust, accurate and fully automated, and it is not based on the extraction of the features or landmarks.
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Contributor : Jean-Claude Nunes <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 11, 2007 - 5:56:51 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 4, 2019 - 1:52:08 PM




Jean-Claude Nunes, Yasmina Bouaoune, Eric Delechelle, Philippe Bunel. A multiscale elastic registration scheme for retinal angiograms. Computer Vision and Image Understanding, Elsevier, 2004, 95 (2), pp.129-149. ⟨10.1016/j.cviu.2004.03.007⟩. ⟨inserm-00177477⟩



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