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Antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers: a promising strategy to prevent HIV transmission through breastmilk in Africa

Abstract : Evaluation of: Giuliano M et al. Triple antiretroviral prophylaxis administered during pregnancy and after delivery significantly reduces breast milk viral load: a study within the drug resource enhancement against AIDS and malnutrition program. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr, 44(3), 286-291 (2007). Maternal highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) starting during the late prenatal period and prolonged during lactation is a potentially interesting strategy to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV through breastfeeding in Africa. In this report, Giuliano et al. showed that HIV-infected women treated with HAART from before delivery had lower cell-free HIV RNA load in breastmilk, and were less likely to have a detectable viral load in this compartment one week after delivery, when compared to untreated women. Antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers could thus be a promising strategy to prevent HIV transmission through breastmilk in Africa if further larger studies confirm its safety. This strategy could also provide a link between prevention and care, since maternal HAART provided in pregnancy and during the breastfeeding period can be thereafter continued among women who meet the criteria for their own health.
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Contributor : Renaud Becquet <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 10, 2009 - 4:08:04 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 29, 2017 - 2:54:40 PM
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Renaud Becquet. Antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected breastfeeding mothers: a promising strategy to prevent HIV transmission through breastmilk in Africa. Future HIV Therapy, 2007, 1 (1), pp.17-21. ⟨10.2217/17469600.1.1.17⟩. ⟨inserm-00177039⟩

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