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The insulin gene variable number of tandem repeat: associations and interactions with childhood body fat mass and insulin secretion in normal children.: INS VNTR, fat mass and insulin secretion

Abstract : CONTEXT: Polymorphism at the insulin gene (INS) variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) shows variable associations with childhood body mass index (BMI) in different populations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to observe INS VNTR associations with body composition and insulin secretion in children. DESIGN: The study was designed as a prospective birth cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 947 children genotyped for the INS VNTR participated. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Main outcome measures were whole body dual x-ray emission absorptiometry at 9 yr to estimate height-corrected fat mass index (FMI), truncal FMI, and fat-free mass, and insulin secretion after oral glucose at 8 yr. RESULTS: Homozygous III/III children had higher BMI (P = 0.020), FMI (P = 0.015), and truncal FMI (P = 0.022) at 9 yr than class I bearers, but no difference in fat-free mass (P = 0.23). Gain in weight sd score between birth and 3 yr was associated positively with BMI, FMI, and truncal FMI in class I bearers, but not in III/III children (p-interaction with genotype = 0.009-0.066). INS VNTR genotype was not associated overall with insulin secretion at 8 yr (P = 0.64), but class I bearers showed a stronger positive correlation between insulin secretion and BMI at 8 yr (regression coefficient +/- se, 0.26 +/- 0.05; P < 0.0001) than III/III children (-0.10 +/- 0.07; P = 0.48) (p-interaction = 0.003). CONCLUSION: We clarified that the overall association between INS VNTR class III/III genotype and larger BMI in this population relates to fat mass, but not fat-free mass. In contrast, among the subgroup of children who showed rapid infancy weight gain, class I bearers tended to have larger BMI and fat mass than III/III children. This genetic interaction could relate to insulin secretion, which, in class I bearers, increased more rapidly with overweight and obesity.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 2, 2007 - 8:46:06 AM
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Barbara Heude, Clive Petry, Alspac Study Team, Marcus Pembrey, David Dunger, et al.. The insulin gene variable number of tandem repeat: associations and interactions with childhood body fat mass and insulin secretion in normal children.: INS VNTR, fat mass and insulin secretion. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, Endocrine Society, 2006, 91 (7), pp.2770-5. ⟨10.1210/jc.2005-2055⟩. ⟨inserm-00175995⟩

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