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Family history of autoimmune thyroid disease and childhood acute leukemia.

Abstract : The association between a familial history of autoimmune disease and childhood acute leukemia was investigated in a French case-control study that, overall, was designed to assess the role of perinatal, infectious, environmental, and genetic factors in the etiology of childhood acute leukemia. Familial histories of autoimmune disease in first- and second-degree relatives were compared in 279 incident cases, 240 cases of acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and 39 cases of acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia (ANLL), and 285 controls. Recruitment was frequency matched by age, gender, hospital, and ethnic origin. Odds ratios (OR) were estimated using an unconditional regression model taking into account the stratification variables, socioeconomic status, and familial structure. A statistically significant association between a history of autoimmune disease in first- or second-degree relatives and ALL (OR, 1.7; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.0-2.8) was found. A relationship between thyroid diseases overall and ALL (OR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.0-3.9) was observed. This association was more pronounced for potentially autoimmune thyroid diseases (Grave's disease and/or hyperthyroidism and Hashimoto's disease and/or hypothyroidism) (OR, 3.5; 95% CI, 1.1-10.7 and OR, 5.6; 95% CI, 1.0-31.1, respectively for ALL and ANLL), whereas it was not statistically significant for the other thyroid diseases (thyroid goiter, thyroid nodule, and unspecified thyroid disorders) (OR, 1.6; 95% CI, 0.7-3.5 and OR, 1.3; 95% CI, 0.2-7.0, respectively, for ALL and ANLL). The results suggest that a familial history of autoimmune thyroid disease may be associated with childhood acute leukemia.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 24, 2007 - 5:17:10 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 11, 2020 - 3:18:40 AM


  • HAL Id : inserm-00174639, version 1
  • PUBMED : 12540505


Florence Perillat-Menegaux, Jacqueline Clavel, Marie-Françoise Auclerc, André Baruchel, Guy Leverger, et al.. Family history of autoimmune thyroid disease and childhood acute leukemia.. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, American Association for Cancer Research, 2003, 12 (1), pp.60-3. ⟨inserm-00174639⟩



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