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Spatiotemporal dynamics of actin-rich adhesion microdomains: influence of substrate flexibility.

Olivier Collin 1 Philippe Tracqui 2 Angélique Stephanou 2 Yves Usson 3 Jocelyne Clément-Lacroix 1 Emmanuelle Planus 2, *
* Corresponding author
2 DynaCell
TIMC - Techniques de l'Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité - Informatique, Mathématiques et Applications, Grenoble - UMR 5525
3 RFMQ
TIMC - Techniques de l'Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité - Informatique, Mathématiques et Applications, Grenoble - UMR 5525
Abstract : In this study we analyse the formation and dynamics of specific actin-rich structures called podosomes. Podosomes are very dynamic punctual adhesion sites tightly linked to the actin cytoskeleton. Mechanical properties of substrates are emerging as important physical modulators of anchorage-dependent processes involved in the cellular response. We investigate the influence of substrate flexibility on the dynamic properties of podosomes. We used mouse NIH-3T3 fibroblasts, transfected with GFP-actin and cultured on polyacrylamide collagen-coated substrates of varying stiffness. Static and dynamic features of cell morphologies associated with an optical flow analysis of the dynamics of podosomes revealed that: (1) they have constant structural properties, i.e. their shape factor and width do not change with the substrate flexibility; (2) the lifespan of podosomes and mean minimum distance between them depend on the substrate flexibility; (3) there is a variation in the displacement speed of the rosette of podosomes. Moreover, the rosettes sometimes appear as periodically emergent F-actin structures, which suggests that a two-level self-organisation process may drive first, the formation of clusters of podosomes and second, the organisation of these clusters into oscillating rings. Such dynamic features give new perspectives regarding the potential function of podosomes as mechanosensory structures.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00173037
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 18, 2007 - 4:37:04 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 7:30:07 PM

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Olivier Collin, Philippe Tracqui, Angélique Stephanou, Yves Usson, Jocelyne Clément-Lacroix, et al.. Spatiotemporal dynamics of actin-rich adhesion microdomains: influence of substrate flexibility.. Journal of Cell Science, Company of Biologists, 2006, 119 (Pt 9), pp.1914-25. ⟨10.1242/jcs.02838⟩. ⟨inserm-00173037⟩

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