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Evidence by site-directed mutagenesis that arginine 203 of thermolysin and arginine 717 of neprilysin (neutral endopeptidase) play equivalent critical roles in substrate hydrolysis and inhibitor binding.

Abstract : Neprilysin (neutral endopeptidase-24.11, EC 3.4.24.11) is a mammalian zinc-endopeptidase involved in the degradation of biologically active peptides. Although no atomic structure is available for this enzyme, site-directed mutagenesis studies have shown that its active site resembles closely that of the bacterial zinc-endopeptidase, thermolysin (EC 3.4.24.27). One active site residue of thermolysin, Arg-203, is involved in inhibitor binding by forming hydrogen bonds with the carbonyl group of a residue in the P1 position and also participates in a hydrogen bond network involving Asp-170. Sequence alignment data shows that Arg-717 of neprilysin could play a similar role to Arg-203 of thermolysin. This was investigated by site-directed mutagenesis with Arg-203 of thermolysin and Arg-717 of neprilysin being replaced by methionine residues. This led, in both cases, to decreases in kcat/Km values, of 122-fold for neprilysin and 2300-fold for thermolysin, essentially due to changes in kcat. The Ki values of several inhibitors were also increased for the mutated enzymes. In addition, the replacement of Asp-170 of thermolysin by Ala residue resulted in a decrease in kcat/Km of 220-fold. The results, coupled with a molecular modeling study, suggest that Arg-717 of neprilysin corresponds to Arg-203 of thermolysin and that in both enzymes a hydrogen bond network exists, involving His-142, Asp-170, and Arg-203 in thermolysin and His-583, Asp-650, and Arg-717 in neprilysin, which is crucial for hydrolytic activity.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00171023
Contributor : Cynthia Marie-Claire <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 11, 2007 - 11:55:06 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 4, 2020 - 7:30:09 AM
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Cynthia Marie-Claire, Emmanuel Ruffet, Serge Antonczak, Ann Beaumont, Michael O'Donohue, et al.. Evidence by site-directed mutagenesis that arginine 203 of thermolysin and arginine 717 of neprilysin (neutral endopeptidase) play equivalent critical roles in substrate hydrolysis and inhibitor binding.. Biochemistry, American Chemical Society, 1997, 36 (45), pp.13938-45. ⟨10.1021/bi9712495⟩. ⟨inserm-00171023⟩

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