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Nitrosative Stress and Corneal Transplant Endothelial Cell Death During Acute Graft Rejection.

Abstract : BACKGROUND.: Nitrosative stress takes place in endothelial cells (EC) during corneal acute graft rejection. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential role of peroxynitrite on corneal EC death. METHODS.: The effect of peroxynitrite was evaluated in vivo. Fifty, 250, and 500 muM in 1.5 muL of the natural or denatured peroxynitrite in 50 muM NaOH, 50 muM NaOH alone, or balanced salt solution were injected into the anterior chamber of rat eyes (n=3/group). Corneal toxic signs after injection were assessed by slit-lamp, in vivo confocal imaging, pachymetry, and EC count. The effect of peroxynitrite was also evaluated on nitrotyrosine and leucocyte elastase inhibitor/LDNase II immunohistochemistry. Human corneas were incubated with peroxynitrite and the effect on EC viability was evaluated. A specific inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (iNOS) was administered systemically in rats undergoing allogeneic corneal graft rejection and the effect on EC was evaluated by EC count. RESULTS.: Rat eyes receiving as little as 50 muM peroxynitrite showed a specific dose-dependent toxicity on EC. We observed an intense nitrotyrosine staining of human and rat EC exposed to peroxynitrite associated with leucocyte elastase inhibitor nuclear translocation, a noncaspase dependent apoptosis reaction. Specific inhibition of iNOS generation prevented EC death and enhanced EC survival of the grafted corneas. However, inhibition of iNOS did not have a significant influence on the incidence of graft rejection. CONCLUSION.: Nitrosative stress during acute corneal graft rejection in rat eyes induces a noncaspase dependent apoptotic death in EC. Inhibition of nitric oxide production during the corneal graft rejection has protective effects on the corneal EC survival.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00168633
Contributor : Alicia Torriglia <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 29, 2007 - 12:28:00 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 11:17:01 AM

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Jean-Louis Bourges, Alicia Torriglia, Fatemeh Valamanesh, David Benezra, Gilles Renard, et al.. Nitrosative Stress and Corneal Transplant Endothelial Cell Death During Acute Graft Rejection.. Transplantation, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2007, 84 (3), pp.415-423. ⟨10.1097/01.tp.0000275378.45133.82⟩. ⟨inserm-00168633⟩

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