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Inflammatory reaction in rats muscle after implantation of biphasic calcium phosphate micro particles.

Abstract : Several studies have shown that macro micro porous bioceramics ectopically implanted promote bone tissue formation. This study aims at investigating the inflammatory response towards biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) ceramic micro particles. BCP composed of hydroxyapatite (HA) and beta-tricalcium phosphate, HA/beta -TCP ratio of 50/50, were prepared by sintering at 1200 degrees C for 5 h. After crushing, 3 fractions of BCP micro particles < 20, 40-80 and 80-200 micro m were sieved. The micro particles were carefully characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and laser scattering. The inflammatory reactions induced by BCP micro particles implanted in quadriceps muscles of rats for 7, 14 and 21 days were studied by histology (n = 8/group). A fibrous tissue encapsulation of the BCP micro particles implanted in muscle tissue was observed and fibrosis was similar for the 3 groups of micro particles. The comparison of the cellular response indicated that the total number of cells was significantly higher for BCP < 20 micro m than for 40-80 and 80-200 micro m (p < 0.0001). The number of macrophages was relatively higher for the smallest than for the intermediate and largest fractions (p < 0.0001). The relative percentage of giant cells was higher for the intermediate and largest size of particles than for the smallest. The number of lymphocytes was comparable for the 3 fractions and after the 3 delays. Therefore, the BCP micro particles < 20 micro m initiated an inflammatory response which might play an important role in osteogenesis.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00166073
Contributor : Pierre Layrolle <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 31, 2007 - 3:49:44 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 16, 2020 - 3:35:51 AM

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Borhane Fellah, Nicolas Josselin, Daniel Chappard, Pierre Weiss, Pierre Layrolle. Inflammatory reaction in rats muscle after implantation of biphasic calcium phosphate micro particles.. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, Springer Verlag, 2007, 18 (2), pp.287-94. ⟨10.1007/s10856-006-0691-8⟩. ⟨inserm-00166073⟩

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