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Association between semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase, a regulator of the glucose transporter, and elastic lamellae thinning during experimental cerebral aneurysm development: laboratory investigation.: SSAO and experimental cerebral aneurysm

Abstract : OBJECT: Amine oxidases play a key role in the polymerization and cross-linking of the collagens and elastic lamellae of the arterial wall. The loss of elastic lamellae integrity is one of the first steps in the genesis of a cerebral aneurysm. The authors investigated the relation between semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) and the organization of the cerebral arterial wall during aneurysm development. METHODS: Intracranial aneurysms were induced in rats via unilateral carotid artery ligation and renovascular hypertension. This modified Hashimoto model was used to create elevated blood pressure associated with shear stress in cerebral arteries. The authors immunohistologically investigated some markers of the extracellular matrix (Types I, III, and IV collagen and elastin), vascular smooth muscle cell differentiation (smooth muscle myosin heavy chain [sm-MHC], alpha-smooth muscle actin, and desmin), and amine oxidases (SSAO and lysyl oxidase [LOX]) in the cerebral arterial wall in control and treated rats 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 months after the surgical procedure. RESULTS: The authors found severe disorganization and thinning of the elastic lamellae and a dramatic reduction in SSAO activity and immunostaining during cerebral aneurysm development. In contrast, LOX markers were slightly increased. Elastic lamellae thinning was highly correlated with decreases in SSAO (r = 0.76, p < 0.0001). There was also a correlation between sm-MHC and SSAO levels. CONCLUSIONS: The data suggested that cerebral hemodynamic modifications induce decreases in SSAO activity resulting in cell dedifferentiation and inducing dysregulation of glucose transport.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00161899
Contributor : Jean-Marie Daniel Lamaziere <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 11, 2007 - 6:11:43 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 16, 2017 - 1:05:30 AM
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Igor Sibon, Nathalie Mercier, Danièle Darret, Patrick Lacolley, Jean-Marie Daniel Lamaziere. Association between semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase, a regulator of the glucose transporter, and elastic lamellae thinning during experimental cerebral aneurysm development: laboratory investigation.: SSAO and experimental cerebral aneurysm. Journal of Neurosurgery, American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 2008, 108 (3), pp.558-66. ⟨10.3171/JNS/2008/108/3/0558⟩. ⟨inserm-00161899⟩

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