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Interstitial devices for minimally invasive thermal ablation by high-intensity ultrasound.

Abstract : Interstitial ultrasound applicators have been proposed for treating deep-seated tumours that cannot be reached with extra-corporeal high-intensity focused ultrasound. In addition, interstitial ultrasound offers several advantages compared with conventional ablation technology (radiofrequency, microwaves, cryotherapy) in terms of penetration, speed of coagulation, ability to direct and control the thermal lesion and compatibility with image monitoring. The ultrasound source is brought as close as possible to the target in order to minimize the effects of attenuation and phase aberration along the ultrasound pathway. The present paper is a review of the interstitial applicators that were described during the last decade in the literature. It is presented in three sections. The technical aspects common to all applicators are first described. For example, most-described applicators are sideview applicators whose active element is water-cooled and operates at rather high frequency (above 3 MHz) in order to promote heating. Then the different potential techniques for monitoring treatment administered by the interstitial route are presented and illustrated through a review of image-guided interstitial thermal ablation. Three major techniques of imaging are used for guiding interstitial treatment: MRI, ultrasound and fluoroscopy. The third section goes in to further detail on diverse described medical applications.
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https://www.hal.inserm.fr/inserm-00158736
Contributor : Cyril Lafon <>
Submitted on : Friday, February 29, 2008 - 9:51:17 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 21, 2019 - 2:12:07 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 8, 2010 - 6:32:23 PM

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  • HAL Id : inserm-00158736, version 1
  • PUBMED : 17578339

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Cyril Lafon, David Melodelima, Rares Salomir, Jean Yves Chapelon. Interstitial devices for minimally invasive thermal ablation by high-intensity ultrasound.. International Journal of Hyperthermia, Taylor & Francis, 2007, 23 (2), pp.153-63. ⟨inserm-00158736⟩

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