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AMP-activated protein kinase and the regulation of autophagic proteolysis.

Abstract : Interruption of mTOR-dependent signaling by rapamycin is known to stimulate autophagy, both in mammalian cells and in yeast. Because activation of AMPK also inhibits mTOR-dependent signaling one would expect stimulation of autophagy by AMPK activation. According to the literature, this is true for yeast but, unexpectedly, not for mammalian cells on the basis of the use of AICAR, a pharmacological activator of AMPK. In the present study, carried out with hepatocytes, HT-29 cells, and HeLa cells, we have reexamined the possible role of AMPK in the control of mammalian autophagy. Inhibition of AMPK activity by compound C or by transfection with a dominant negative form of AMPK almost completely inhibited autophagy. These results suggest that the inhibition of autophagy by AICAR is not related to its ability to activate AMPK. We conclude that in mammalian cells, as in yeast, AMPK is required for autophagy.
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Contributor : Patrice Codogno <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 29, 2007 - 10:31:32 AM
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Daniel Meley, Chantal Bauvy, Judith Houben-Weerts, Peter Dubbelhuis, Mariette Helmond, et al.. AMP-activated protein kinase and the regulation of autophagic proteolysis.. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2006, 281 (46), pp.34870-9. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M605488200⟩. ⟨inserm-00158593⟩



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