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Determination of TGFbeta1 protein level in human primary breast cancers and its relationship with survival.

Abstract : Transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta)1 is thought to be implicated in breast cancer progression. However, data about the influence of TGFbeta1 on breast cancer development are conflicting. To clarify the clinical relevance of TGFbeta1, TGFbeta1 protein level has been measured by enzyme-immunoassay in 193 breast tumour samples. We found that 94.3% of patients expressed TGFbeta1 with a range of 0-684 pg mg(-1) protein. In the overall population, an increase of tumoral TGFbeta1 was observed in premenopausal patients when compared to postmenopausal subgroup (P=0.0006). When patients were subdivided according to nodal status, TGFbeta1 was correlated to type-1 plasminogen activator inhibitor in the node-negative subgroup (P=0.040). Multivariate analysis revealed that, after lymph node status (P=0.0002) and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (P=0.004), TGFbeta1 was an independent prognostic marker for DFS (P=0.005) in the overall population. In the node-negative population, TGFbeta1 was the prominent prognostic factor (P=0.010). In the same population, Kaplan-Meier curves demonstrated that high TGFbeta1 level was correlated with a shorter disease-free survival (P=0.020). These data suggest that the measurement of tumoral TGFbeta1 protein level, especially for node-negative patients, might help to identify a high-risk population early in tumour progression.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 20, 2007 - 3:19:33 PM
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Sylvie Desruisseau, Jacqueline Palmari, Corinne Giusti, Sylvie Romain, Pierre-Marie Martin, et al.. Determination of TGFbeta1 protein level in human primary breast cancers and its relationship with survival.. British Journal of Cancer, Cancer Research UK, 2006, 94 (2), pp.239-46. ⟨10.1038/sj.bjc.6602920⟩. ⟨inserm-00156261⟩



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