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Respective contribution of neutrophil elastase and matrix metalloproteinase 9 in the degradation of BP180 (type XVII collagen) in human bullous pemphigoid.

Abstract : Bullous pemphigoid is a blistering disorder associated with autoantibodies directed against two components of hemidesmosomes, BP180 and BP230. Autoantibodies to the extracellular collagenous domain of BP180 are thought to play a key role in the pathogenesis of the disease. In a murine model of bullous pemphigoid, neutrophil elastase and 92 kDa gelatinase (matrix metalloproteinase 9) have been implicated in subepidermal blister formation via proteolytic degradation of BP180. In this study we sought to elucidate the contribution of these two enzymes to subepidermal blister formation by assessing the expression, localization, and activity of the two proteases in lesional skin, serum samples, and blister fluids obtained from 17 patients with bullous pemphigoid. The results indicate that (i) neutrophil elastase is found in skin biopsy specimens from bullous pemphigoid lesions and is recovered as active enzyme in blister fluids, and (ii) although proform of matrix metalloproteinase 9 is present in lesional skin, it is present only as proenzyme in blister fluids, which also contain high levels of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1. Next, the capacity of matrix metalloproteinase 9 and neutrophil elastase to degrade a recombinant protein corresponding to the extracellular collagenous domain of the BP180 was studied. Our data illustrate that (i) recombinant matrix metalloproteinase 9, neutrophil elastase, and blister fluid from bullous pemphigoid patients are all able to hydrolyze recombinant BP180; (ii) the pattern of recombinant BP180 proteolysis with blister fluid was similar to that obtained with neutrophil elastase; and (iii) recombinant BP180 degradation by blister fluid could be inhibited by chloromethylketone, a specific elastase inhibitor, but not by batimastat, a wide spectrum matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor. Our results confirm the importance of neutrophil elastase but not matrix metalloproteinase 9 in the direct cleavage of BP180 autoantigen and subepidermal blister formation in human bullous pemphigoid.
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Contributor : Philippe Birembaut <>
Submitted on : Monday, June 11, 2007 - 10:54:26 AM
Last modification on : Friday, June 1, 2018 - 2:14:03 PM

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S. Verraes, W. Hornebeck, M. Polette, L. Borradori, P. Bernard. Respective contribution of neutrophil elastase and matrix metalloproteinase 9 in the degradation of BP180 (type XVII collagen) in human bullous pemphigoid.. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, Nature Publishing Group, 2001, 117 (5), pp.1091-6. ⟨10.1046/j.0022-202x.2001.01521.x⟩. ⟨inserm-00153458⟩

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